国家“十五”科技攻关项目 ( 2 0 0 1BA80 4A0 1)~~
将中国大陆、澳大利亚、欧盟、日本、美国、中国台湾以及食品法典委员会 (CAC)有关保健(功能 )食品或食品健康声称的法规、标准作为比较对象 ,重点分析和比较这些国家或地区在保健(功能 )食品范畴、法律地位、产品成分、剂型、安全和功效要求等方面的异同 ,了解国外保健食品管理法规及标准建立的背景及科学依据。通过介绍各国或各地区针对保健 (功能 )食品或其标识、声称所建立的审批或审核机制 ,分析其管理模式的利弊 ,提出完善我国保健食品管理体系的意见和建议 ,为今后进行国际协调提供技术依据。
The comparative study was conducted on the regulations and standards in related with health food or health claim control in the countries or regions of Chinese Mainland, Australia, European Union, Japan, USA and Chinese Taipei, taking Codex Alimentarius Commission as reference. The analysis is focus on the similarities and differences on the part of the definition, legal status, the requirements for product composition and form and the procedure of safety and functional evaluation among these countries or regions, in an attempt to find out the background information and scientific evidence for the relevant regulations and standards. The administration patterns of health food or health claim by the authorities of individual countries or regions, i.e. whether it is a pre-market approval system or a preview (pre-market registered) system, been elaborated and analyzed. To the improvement of health food control system in China, some proposals and recommendations were made based on the analysis of the merits and defects thereof, and technical evidence was provided for the international coordination in the future.